Robert E. Lee was the commander of the Army of Northern Virginia during most of the American Civil War. One of the war's most important generals, Lee's leadership prevented the Northern Army of the Potomac from capturing Richmond and occupying Virginia, prolonging the South's rebellion.Continue Reading
Robert E. Lee began the war as a military advisor to Jefferson Davis, the first and only President of the Confederate States of America. Lee became commander of the Army of Northern Virginia when its original commander, General Joseph E. Johnston, was wounded in the Battle of Seven Pines in May 1862. In February 1865, Lee was appointed General-in-Chief of the Confederate armies, but the Confederate position had deteriorated too far for Lee's appointment to alter the war's outcome.
He was responsible for the most famous defeats suffered by Union armies, including the Seven Days Battles, Second Bull Run, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville and Cold Harbor.Learn more about US History
The U.S. Civil War ended on April 9, 1865, when Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, VA. Some fighting continued after this date, but this is considered the official end of the war.Full Answer >
Famous photographs of the American Civil War generally depict people and locations. Notably, photographs of Union leaders, such as president Abraham Lincoln and generals Ulysses S. Grant and Ambrose Burnside, as well as Confederate leaders like president Jefferson Davis and generals Robert E. Lee and "Stonewall" Jackson, survived the conflict.Full Answer >
The battles of Fort Sumter, Bull Run, Shiloh and Gettysburg were major conflicts of the American Civil War. In April 1861, the Battle of Fort Sumter started the war after Confederate soldiers surrounded the fort and ordered Major Robert Anderson to surrender. During a four-month stalemate, Anderson awaited Union provisions, while President Lincoln attempted to negotiate a peaceful solution. The Confederacy was unwilling to allow Union reinforcements, so General Pierre Gustave Beauregard ordered troops to attack.Full Answer >
The American Civil War began on April 12, 1861, with a battle at Fort Sumter in South Carolina. The war ended when General Robert E. Lee, of the Army of the Confederacy, surrendered on May 9, 1865. The last shot was fired in Texas in June of 1865.Full Answer >