Robert Boyle was born on Jan. 27, 1691 in County Waterford, Ireland, and there are no records indicating that Boyle had a middle name. He was a natural philosopher, chemist, inventor, theological writer and a preeminent figure in 17th century intellectual culture.
Boyle was known mainly for his discovery of Boyle’s law, which describes the inversely proportional relationship between the volume and pressure of a gas within a closed system at a constant temperature. His scientific work covered many areas including physics, hydrostatics, natural history, medicine, earth sciences and alchemy. His output also included Christian devotionals, ethical essays and theological tracts on biblical language. Boyle died in London on Dec. 31, 1691.