The Treaty of Paris, signed in 1763, brought an end to the Seven Years' War fought between France and Great Britain. France gave up all of its territorial holdings in North America, transferring a number of these to Great Britain. Canada, a number of islands in the Caribbean and the area between the Mississippi River and the Appalachian Mountains all fell under British control as a result of the treaty.
The British colonists in North America no longer had to be concerned about the threat of a French military presence on the continent. The additional territory gained by Great Britain allowed for greater expansion to the west. The Native Americans who lived in this area were no longer able to play the British and the French against each other and had a difficult time defending their lands against the encroaching colonists.
In the long run, the Treaty of Paris led to greater friction between the American colonies and the government of Great Britain. Once the French withdrew from North America, the British saw no reason to maintain a costly military presence. Attempts to levy taxes on the colonies to pay for the debts accrued during the war further increased tensions, setting the colonies on the path to independence.