The European Union's Charter of Fundamental Rights has been viewed as limiting freedom of the press and media because it does not prohibit its member states from exempting themselves from its provisions regarding data protection. Although the charter states that the media must be respected, it does not prevent member states from enforcing its own laws regarding data that is processed for artistic, literary or journalistic purposes.
One specific cause for criticism was a Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) ruling that an individual's right to privacy can take priority over the media's right to publish information, even if that information is based on public records. The CJEU's ruling enabled a private individual to have an embarrassing public record deleted from Google Spain's search engines.
Critics allege that loopholes in the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights are harmful to how the Internet functions and limit the protection of freedom of the press and media. Concern has also been voiced that the ability to place a restriction on search engine results will become a convenient means of suppressing information.