The Prophet Muhammad's full name was Ab al-Qsim Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allh ibn 'Abd al-Mualib ibn Hshim. He is considered the last in a long line of prophets that included Jesus and Moses by the followers of Islam.
Around 570 A.D., Muhammad was born into one of the powerful tribes in Mecca, which gained power through trade with Arabia, Syria and Yemen. When he was 40 years old and working for a widow to protect her caravans along the trade routes, Muhammad starting having visions and hearing voices that would become the foundations of Islam's holy teachings, the Qur'an.
Muhammad's teaching upset the local merchants in Mecca, as they believed that two pagan gods protected their livelihood. Worried that the new teachings of Islam would offend these gods, Muhammad was exiled from Mecca and he and his followers moved to Medina, the second most holiest site of Islam today.