The four U.S. Presidents depicted on Mount Rushmore, as viewed from left to right, are George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln. Also known as "The Shrine of Democracy," construction on the sculpture began in 1927 and finished in 1941.
George Washington was chosen for the sculpture because of his role as the first U.S. President and because he is considered the father of the country. He represents independence from tyranny and freedom for all people. Thomas Jefferson was honored because of his writing of the Declaration of Independence and his influence in pioneering democracy in the United States. Theodore Roosevelt was picked for his role in pushing through the Panama Canal and creating a new link between East and West. Abraham Lincoln was selected for his preservation of the Union during the American Civil War and his championing of equal rights for all men.