The judicial powers of the president of the United States are the power to pardon and grant reprieves, the power to appoint federal judges and the power to appoint justices to the Supreme Court. The power to appoint judges and justices is limited in that those appointments must be approved by Congress. Conversely, the power to pardon and grant reprieves is quite broad.Continue Reading
The power to pardon stipulates that the offense must be against the United States. The president is allowed to pardon an individual for an offense at any time following the commission of the crime, regardless of whether the person served his sentence. A pardon wipes the person's slate clean of any effects of the conviction. A presidential reprieve, on the other hand, does not take away the individual's guilt, but simply lessens his punishment.
There are more than 800 federal judge positions throughout the country, but all who receive appointments are appointed for life. Presidents often rely on recommendations from other individuals and agencies to help with the nominating process. Members of Congress, the Department of Justice, the FBI and the American Bar Association are often good resources. Supreme Court justices are also appointed for life. Not all presidents have the opportunity to nominate a Supreme Court justice, but those who do have an impact on American law for years after they leave office.Learn more about US History
Famous federalists were authors of the Federalist Papers: Alexander Hamilton, James Madison and John Jay; John Adams, second president of the United States; and John Marshall, chief justice of the Supreme Court. It can be said that the majority of the Founding Fathers were originally federalists, including Thomas Jefferson.Full Answer >
The United States president’s judicial powers include nominating judges to the Supreme Court and granting pardons. The president can also shorten prison terms and grant amnesty.Full Answer >
As outlined in the Constitution, the president of the United States and the U.S. Senate do not have shared powers. Under the Constitution, however, both the president and the Senate are allowed the means to check and balance each others' power.Full Answer >
One major difference between the governmentsof the United States and Great Britain lies in the separation of powers in the U.S. andthe parliament system in the UK, where parliament holds the majority of the power and the prime minister is subject to their wishes.In the United States, powers can be shared by the House of Representatives and the Senate, but the president has the power to veto any legislation passed by congress.Full Answer >