As outlined in the Constitution, the president of the United States and the U.S. Senate do not have shared powers. Under the Constitution, however, both the president and the Senate are allowed the means to check and balance each others' power.Continue Reading
The Senate's constitutional role of advice and consent gives it confirmation authority over presidential appointments. This includes ambassadors, Supreme Court justices and cabinet secretaries. The Senate also has the power to try impeachment cases of federal officials, including the president of the United States. In conjunction with the House of Representatives, the Senate can also override a presidential veto if both houses of Congress muster a two-thirds vote to do so within its respective chambers. As the nation's chief diplomat, the president has the ability to negotiate and sign treaties, but these must ultimately be ratified by the Senate.
Conversely, the president of the United States can veto bills sent to him by Congress. This means that bills that originate in the Senate and pass through the House of Representatives can ultimately be thwarted by the President if he refuses to sign them into law by issuing a veto statement. Furthermore, when signing a bill, the president has the ability to issue a "signing statement," which allows him to express his opinion on the constitutionality of the bill in question. These statements serve to guide the manner in which the law is implemented by executive agencies. Also, if the Senate (along with the House of Representatives) adjourns within 10 days of sending a bill to the president, the president may choose not to act on the bill, which effectively blocks it from becoming law. This is known as a pocket veto, which cannot be overridden by Congress.Learn more about US History
The vice president of the United States is the president of the Senate. In this capacity, the vice president acts as the presiding officer when present on the Senate floor. In the vice president's absence, a president pro tempore officiates Senate proceedings.Full Answer >
The express powers of the vice president of the United States are to be the presiding officer of the Senate, to act as a ceremonial assistant, to cast the swaying vote if there is a tie in the Senate and to be prepared to take over presidential duties should the president be unable to serve, according to the U.S. Senate page. The vice president is considered to be the second-most important official in the government though the position has often been misunderstood by many.Full Answer >
One major difference between the governmentsof the United States and Great Britain lies in the separation of powers in the U.S. andthe parliament system in the UK, where parliament holds the majority of the power and the prime minister is subject to their wishes.In the United States, powers can be shared by the House of Representatives and the Senate, but the president has the power to veto any legislation passed by congress.Full Answer >
The judicial powers of the president of the United States are the power to pardon and grant reprieves, the power to appoint federal judges and the power to appoint justices to the Supreme Court. The power to appoint judges and justices is limited in that those appointments must be approved by Congress. Conversely, the power to pardon and grant reprieves is quite broad.Full Answer >