Industrialization offered gains in efficiency that affected almost every facet of life in society. Industrialization increased agricultural and manufacturing output, allowing people to take jobs in other sectors and increasing the amount of consumer goods and food available to the populace. Industrialization created significant population growth, as well as increases in economic output. It also spurred technological development, enabling scientific advances that changed the world.Continue Reading
Before the Industrial Revolution, most people were farmers, and most economic activity centered around small towns and villages. This left communities isolated from one another even when the distances between them were relatively small. Industrialization concentrated populations in cities, which soon became dependent on rural communities for food. The rural communities, in turn, became dependent on the cities for manufactured goods and tools to make their lives easier. In this way, industrialization tied countries together and created a more cohesive national identity.
Freeing workers from agricultural jobs also aided the development of technology. Children of urban citizens had better educational opportunities than those on farms, allowing more students to enter institutions of higher learning and become scientists, engineers and doctors. This led to the rapid scientific and technological advancements in the 19th and 20th centuries.Learn more about Industrial Revolution
According to the National Museum of American History, electricity changed society by providing power for labor-saving devices both in the home and on the job. It also allowed for reliable lighting to reduce human dependence on the traditional sunrise-to-sunset activity schedule.Full Answer >
The industrial revolution in Britain affected society, politics and the economy by increasing work output, creating the working class, dividing classes, having women began working, creating area specialization, seeing politics shift to appeal to working class men as they were now the majority of the people and current workers being unable to strike for fear of being replaced by immigrant workers. The population increased dramatically during the industrial revolution as well so cities and infrastructure grew rapidly.Full Answer >
The spinning jenny helped society because it enabled workers to produce more yarn in a shorter amount of time, according to About.com. This was a significant step in bringing the Industrial Revolution to the textile industry in England. The Industrial Revolution was able to provide new jobs and raise the standard of living of many people.Full Answer >
Some of the positive effects of the Industrial Revolution were the massive improvements in manufacturing and distribution processes, allowing more goods to be made and shipped more easily. Prior to the Industrial Revolution, nearly all goods were made by hand. Another positive effect was the creation of numerous new jobs.Full Answer >