Some facts about Plymouth Plantation include that it was founded in 1620 by British settlers. Settler came to the New World on the Mayflower, but half of the new arrivals died during the first winter. The Plymouth Colony survived less than 70 years due to inadequate resources and strained relations with the natives.
Approximately 100 men and women left England in September 1620 in order to establish a settlement in the New World. The Mayflower arrived on the North American coast in December of the same year. Many of the settlers, known as the Pilgrims, were members of the English Separatist Church, a faction of Christians rebelling against the Church of England.
While the male settlers were building the colony, children and the sick stayed aboard the Mayflower. The Pilgrims were somewhat disorganized and unprepared for the harsh New England winter. Of the original 102 passengers, 57 survived the overseas trip. The other colonists were killed by scurvy or poor living conditions aboard the ship.
In March of 1621, the Pilgrims made contact with the Wampanoag Indians. The natives allied with the settlers to form a mutual defense treaty. Less than a decade later, the relationship between European settlers and the Native Americans deteriorated due to encroachment by the settlers. The British crown failed to adequately support the Plymouth Plantation as an independent entity and, in 1691, it was absorbed by the Massachusetts Colony.