"Peace without victory" refers to Woodrow Wilson's attempts to advocate for a peaceful solution to World War I. Wilson made the speech in January of 1917, but his appeal was not heeded, and the United States declared war against Germany only two short months later.Continue Reading
Wilson, the 28th President of the United States, was in the Civil War era and had seen the destruction that massive warfare brought. It was crucial to his political campaigning to keep the United States out of the war that was ravaging Europe. In the "peace without victory" speech, he pointed out that each side of the conflict had expressed at least some willingness to discuss terms of peace without surrendering. Rather than join the war, Wilson idealistically called for the United States to be a peacemaker, applying its power along with other nations to the cause of preventing a war of this scale from ever happening again.
Wilson's argument called this an extension of the Monroe doctrine of non-interference, where for over a century the United States had avoided entanglement in European conflicts (and demanded in return that European powers similarly leave the Americas alone). He believed that each nation should be left in peace to govern itself, and that this could only be achieved by a universal agreement to limit military power, keep the oceans free and open to all and avoid the military alliances which had turned World War I into a global conflict.Learn more about World War 1
The major combatants in World War I were the Central Powers of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire versus the Allied Forces of Great Britain, France, the United States, Russia, Italy and Japan. In addition, nearly 20 other countries and several colonies joined the conflict.Full Answer >
The countries and empires that fought in World War I included the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria. Other powers were Greece, Italy, Japan, Montenegro, Portugal Romania, Russia and Serbia. The United States entered the war on April 6, 1917. Among the well-known soldiers who fought in World War I were the writer J.R.R. Tolkien, the poet Wilfred Owen and Fergus Bowes-Lyon.Full Answer >
During World War I, Germany, Austria and the other countries in the Ottoman Empire formed the Central Powers and fought against the Allied Powers, which consisted of Russia, Japan, Great Britain, Italy and France. The war began following the unexpected assassination of Austria's Archduke Ferdinand.Full Answer >
The United States entered World War I principallyÂ in response to Germany's continued submarine operations in the North Atlantic and Mediterranean, which it had earlier pledged to cease. Another reason was Germany's attempt to ally with Mexico against the United States.Â President Woodrow Wilson presented both of these reasons before a joint session of Congress on April 2, 1917, and war was declared on Austria-Hungary on December 7, 1917.Full Answer >