The Parthenon was built between 447 and 432 BC on the acropolis of Athens and dedicated to Athena. It also accommodated a newly-constructed statue of the goddess. The temple and statue were funded by a surplus from the war treasury of the Greek alliance that formed to defeat the Persians.
The Parthenon was constructed not only to replace the buildings damaged during the Persian attack on the city in 480 BC, but also to restart the aborted temple project that began in 490 BC. It also proclaimed the success of Athens and asserted its position as leader of the Greek military that withstood the Persian invasions of Darius and Xerxes.