Q:

What was the outcome of the Russian Revolution?

A:

Quick Answer

The 1917 Russian Revolution resulted in the overthrow of the monarchy of Czar Nicholas II, the rise to power of the Russian Bolsheviks led by Vladimir Lenin and the withdrawal of Russia from World War I. A civil war in Russia followed the revolution as the supporters of the old czarist regime, the "whites," struggled with the new Bolshevik powers, the "reds," for control. The Bolsheviks won the civil war and Russia became the Soviet Union, or U.S.S.R., in 1922.

Continue Reading

Full Answer

Russia became the world's first country ruled by a centralized socialist government with Lenin as its head of state. After Lenin's death in 1924, Joseph Stalin gained control of the Russian government and remained in power until his death in 1953. His rule over Russia, during which his policies resulted in the loss of millions of lives, is considered by many historians to be one of the most brutal dictatorships in the modern world.

Learn more about Modern Europe

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What factors led to the Russian Revolution?

    A:

    In March of 1917, food shortages and civil unrest led to the abdication of Czar Nicholas II. Months later, the provisional government was overthrown by the Bolsheviks, led by Vladimir Lenin.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What role did Lenin play in the Russian Revolution?

    A:

    Vladimir Lenin led the Russian Bolsheviks in a successful takeover of the provisional government that had been created when Nicholas II abdicated the throne a few months earlier in the face of mass protests and riots against his rule. Known as the "October Revolution," the 1917 change of government that occurred when Lenin and the Bolsheviks stormed the Winter Palace on the night of October 26 led to the creation of the first socialist state with Lenin as its head. Lenin went on to survive two assassination attempts, and he remained the leader of the Communist Party and Premier of the Soviet Union until his death from a stroke in 1924.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What caused the Russian Revolution of 1917?

    A:

    The overwhelming cause of the Russian Revolution of 1917 was the inefficiency and failure of the czarist regime in the World War I military effort. This was exacerbated by corruption in the government and a scarcity of food that caused riots to break out first in the capital city of Petrograd and then in other cities.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What role did Leon Trotsky play in the Russian Revolution?

    A:

    In Vladimir Lenin's government in the Russian Revolution, Leon Trotsky first played the role of Commissar for Foreign Affairs and then the leader of the Red Army. In the Bolshevik government, he was second only to Lenin and seemed destined to succeed him until Joseph Stalin outmaneuvered him politically and banished him from the Soviet Union.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore