The outcome of the Korean War included heavy casualties, a country left in ruins and a military victory for neither side. On July 27, 1953, an armistice was signed and the fighting stopped. However, there was continued threat of invasions, and China emerged from the war with renewed strength. Despite the signed truce, the conflict was not settled and Korea remains divided in two nations.
The war began when Communist-led North Korea invaded South Korea on June 25, 1950. With the help of the United Nations, South Korea was able to force the North Koreans back into their territory. UN forces, primarily provided by the United States and 20 other countries, supplied military forces and medical assistance. Nuclear weapons were not used in the conflict, only weapons similar to those of World War II.
The conflict in Korea arose when the Soviet Union refused to allow UN-supervised free elections after World War II. As the country became divided, North Korea began building its army with the help of the Soviet Union and China. North Korea wanted to control South Korea for easier access to Japan and the mainland of Asia.
Since the end of the Korean War, there have been continued efforts by the United Nations to meet with the North Koreans. Little progress has been made to end the long-standing conflict.