What Was the Outcome of the Haitian Revolution?

Outcomes of the Haitian Revolution include Haiti’s independence from France, the abolition of slavery in the nation and a greater recognition of human rights. They also include debate over immigration to the United States fostered by refugees of the rebellion and the selling of the Louisiana Purchase to the United States.

Haiti was originally a French colony called St. Domingue, and its economy depended heavily on sugar, coffee and slave labor. The slaves, inspired by the French Revolution, fought for their independence from France. They defeated the French under the leadership of former slave Jean-Jacques Dessalines, resulting in the creation of a new Haitian nation that was just the second former colony in the Americas to free itself from European rulers. It also became the world's first black republic.

Other outcomes of the Haitian Revolution included a greater emphasis on human rights. The slave fighters in the Haitian Revolution looked to the French Revolution’s “Declaration of the Rights of Man.” The revolution also fostered an immigration debate in the United States as refugees of the revolution fled to America. Additionally, France’s defeat at the hands of the former slaves was one of the factors that prompted Napoleon Bonaparte to sell the Louisiana Purchase to the United States.