The French Revolution led to the dissolution of the French monarchy. It also led to the rise of Napoleon Bonaparte and the expansion of French colonialism. The revolution led to a new calendar and other small changes.Continue Reading
European rationalism had changed how many Europeans viewed the world, government and individual rights. However, French monarchs paid little attention to demands from the public. After the Revolutionary War and the formation of the United States, many French people felt that overthrowing the monarchy would allow them to set up a rationalist government that would serve the French people better than any monarchy could.
Other monarchies throughout Europe became wary, and many took steps to keep their populations content. The decadence displayed by the French monarchy was partially abandoned in other parts of Europe, and potential revolutionaries were taken more seriously.
The French Revolution had a profound effect on England. Many intellectuals, and even people in the aristocratic class, viewed the revolution as rationalism defeating old traditions. However, many also looked down on the French people and the revolution itself because of the horrors of the Reign of Terror, which claimed the lives of thousands of people who were put to death at the guillotine.Learn more about Modern History
The Jacobins served as the primary promoters of republicanism during the French Revolution, and they passed various reforms to promote equality and personal freedom during their brief control of France. However, they ushered in the Reign of Terror, a period of time when the Jacobins sought out and executed anyone whose political beliefs differed even slightly from their own.Full Answer >
Some defining events of the French Revolution are the meeting of the Estates General, the fall of the Bastille, the march on Versailles and the dissolution of the National Assembly. After these events, war broke out, and following the attack on the Tuileries Palace, the Declaration of Republic and the Trial of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette occurred. The Reign of Terror and the rise of Napoleon are also key moments of the revolution.Full Answer >
The Fall of the Bastille on July 14, 1789 did not start out as an important event, but by the end of the attack it became a turning point for the French Revolution because it forced the king to pay attention to the commoners and led to numerous changes of the Revolution. The attack on the Bastille became a symbol of triumph for the Revolution. It was the moment that many called a triumph over despotism and over the king himself.Full Answer >
The massive debt of the French state, the resistance of the nobility and clergy toward any tax increases, the growth of Enlightenment philosophy, and a rise in food prices led to the French Revolution. All of these factors destabilized the Ancien Régime and increased the power of commoners.Full Answer >