The presidential election of 1824 led to the election of John Quincy Adams as the President of the United States, but it also raised concerns over corrupt bargaining. According to votes accumulated by the Electoral College, presidential candidate Andrew Jackson was the first-place winner, securing 99 votes and taking a lead, albeit narrow, over Adams. Determining the race too close to call, Henry Clay, speaker of the House of Representatives, was tasked with selecting a winner; his decision to seat Adams in the White House sparked concerns of corruption and favoritism and was met with criticism and outrage.
Complicating the picture was the fact that speaker of the House of Representatives, Henry Clay, was also a presidential candidate in 1824. Clay, after the votes of Electoral College came in, was far from the lead in the race for president, securing a fourth-place finish. However, the task was left to him to choose a winner between the Adams and Jackson, who received nearly identical votes in the Electoral College. Although Jackson won by number, Clay ultimately selected Adams to take the White House and lead the nation. His announcement instantly drew criticism from opponents, as Clay was an outspoken critic of Jackson. His decision, dubbed the Adams-Clay alliance, was denounced as a corrupt bargain, leading to accusations of a corrupt political system characterized by insiders following their own interest, ignoring the American people in the process.