What Was the Outcome of the Battle of Shiloh?

The Battle of Shiloh, fought in April of 1862, secured a key victory for Major General Ulysses S. Grant and his Union soldiers. The Battle of Shiloh commenced on April 6, 1862 and lasted only for 2 days. Despite its short duration, the battle secured an important win for the Union forces, led by Grant and Major General Don Carlos Buell of Ohio.

Grant led Union forces of the Army of Tennessee while Buell commanded troops from Ohio. Grant's troops arrived at the battle scene before Buell and his men, and began the fight without the Ohio men. On April 6, 1862, Confederate General Albert Sidney Johnston led his troops on a surprise attack targeting Grant and his men. The Confederates, also called the Army of the Mississippi, successfully halted progression of the Union troops, but not for long. Johnston suffered a leg injury that proved fatal, and led to the new commandment of the Confederate troops by General P.G.T. Beauregard.

The Union army gained strength quickly after the merger of the armies from Ohio and Tennessee, and ultimately proved victorious. The Battle of Shiloh concluded with more than 24,000 men dead. It ranked among the deadliest battles of the Civil War, and proved the South less powerful than originally perceived.