Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart wrote his first symphony, “Symphony No. 1 in E flat major, K. 16,” in 1764 when he was just eight years old. Even at that point, he was known across Europe as a “wunderkind” musical prodigy.
By the time Symphony No. 1 was written, Wolfgang’s family was already on their “Mozart Family Grand Tour,” featuring the talents of Wolfgang and his sister, Maria Anna. They were both considered musical virtuosos at the time, and their parents, Leopold and Anna Maria, chauffeured them throughout Europe to put on shows.
It was during a stop in London that Wolfgang composed this first symphony - with Leopold likely helping him transcribe it to paper. The house where they lived at the time, 180 Ebury Street, is now marked with a commemorative plaque.
Symphony No. 1 features two oboes, two horns, a harpsichord and strings. It was first performed in February 1765 and featured many musical influences, including his father, Leopold, and Johann Christian Bach (son of Johann Sebastian Bach). The original score, autographed by Mozart, is still preserved in the Jagiellonian Library in Krakow, Poland.