Oklahoma Indian roll numbers refer to lists of Native Americans who chose to enroll for and were approved for membership among the First Five Civilized Tribes – the Cherokee, the Chickasaw, the Choctaw, the Creek and the Seminole. Enrollment began in 1898 and ended in 1906.
Also referred to as the Dawes Rolls or The Final Rolls of the Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory, the rolls list individuals by name, age, sex, blood degree, census card number and page, enrollment number, and tribe.
The Congress created the Dawes Commission in 1893 to adjudicate Indian claims and apportion land to individuals. The purpose of the rolls was to establish eligibility for the exchange of Indian lands in the southeast United States for land allotments in Oklahoma. The Five Tribes continue to use this list as of 2015 to determine membership by requiring applicants to prove descent from an individual included on the rolls.