Nelson Mandela was born on July 18, 1918, and his birth name was Rolihlahla. He used Rolihlahla until he began school, and the teacher gave him the Christian name of Nelson. Mandela was the first person in his family to receive a formal education.
After his expulsion from the University of Fort Hare for taking part in a boycott, Mandela fled his home to avoid an arranged marriage and went to Johannesburg. For taking part in protests against apartheid, Mandela served 27 years in prison. Upon his release, he returned to his activist habits.
In 1993, Mandela won the Nobel Peace Prize, and he became the president of South Africa the next year. In 2009, July 18 became the Nelson Mandela International Day after a vote by the United Nations. Mandela passed away in 2013.