Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was a South African freedom fighter, politician and philanthropist who worked tirelessly in the anti-apartheid campaign. He is a hero because he committed himself to the struggle to obtain equality for everyone in South Africa, stating that he would be “willing to die” for “the ideal of a democratic and free society.”Continue Reading
Mandela was born on July 18, 1918 and died on Dec. 5, 2013. He was married three times and had six children and 17 grandchildren. He spent 27 years in prison at Robben Island after he was convicted of conspiracy to overthrow the South African government during his years spent fighting for racial equality. His name, Rolihlahla, means “troublemaker” in his native language, Xhosa. Nelson was a Christian name given to him by one of his teachers, as was the custom during his school years.
Mandela practiced law and initially engaged in the non-violent protest methods of Mahatma Gandhi. After 69 unarmed protesters were massacred in Sharpeville in Transvaal, Mandela resorted to militant action. While incarcerated on Robben Island, Mandela returned to his non-violent practices and used these as a mode of resistance against prison guards.
Mandela is known as a hero due to his willingness to die for his beliefs, the sacrifices he made of personal freedom and watching his children grow up during his imprisonment, as well as for his ability to forgive his oppressors. Upon his release in 1990, Mandela chose to advocate for peaceful reconciliations with then president F.W. de Klerk while South Africa was immersed in violent protests against apartheid. When he became president in 1992, Mandela continued to work toward democracy and easing racial tensions in South Africa.Learn more about Modern History
Nelson Mandela (1918-2013) was a president of South Africa and a Nobel Peace Prize recipient. In South Africa, he is often called "Madiba," which was the name of the clan he was born into.Full Answer >
As a native African living in South Africa under apartheid, the government system of imposed segregation in which non-native white residents of South Africa were treated as fundamentally superior to black natives, Nelson Mandela's initial cause was focused on bringing about the end of apartheid and systematic racial oppression in his home country. Apartheid came to an end in the 1990s, and in 1994, Mandela was elected as the first black chief executive of South Africa in the nation's first full, democratic election. When Mandela's presidential term ended in 1999, his focus shifted from issues within his own nation to general human rights issues across the globe.Full Answer >
Nelson Mandela, arguably one of the great leaders of the 20th century, served as president of South Africa, was a notable writer, accomplished lawyer and a civil rights activist. Mandela was born in Mveso, South Africa, on July 18, 1918. He spent his childhood in South Africa, then left to pursue an education in the United States before returning to his home country to assume the role of president in 1994.Full Answer >
Nelson Mandela died at the age of 95 on Dec. 5, 2013. He passed away at his home in Johannesburg, South Africa. He was a tireless proponent of human and civil rights and was an active leader in the anti-apartheid movement in the 1920s.Full Answer >