The Hupa tribe used wide variety of natural resources, including cedar and yew wood, sinew, animal hides and leaves. Often shells, obsidian and the shells of pine nuts were used in decorative clothing.Continue Reading
Hupa houses were constructed primarily using large slabs of cedar wood. They enclosed approximately 20 square feet and had sloped roofs. Hupa food consisted of a combination of animals, including deer, elk and salmon, and vegetation which was plentiful in the California valleys they occupied. They hunted using short bows made from yew and arrows made from syringa shoots, sinew and juneberry wood. Hunters would disguise themselves using deer or elk hides and mimicking the animal's movements to get within range for a bow shot.
Animal skins were foundational to much of the Hupa's everyday clothing. Men wore pant leggings and moccasins made from deer skins. The men's dance robes were made from either deerskin or panther hides. Women wore skirts, also made of deer hides, and often decorated with a variety of ornaments including shells, beads and obsidian shards. These clothes were washed using the soap plant. The Hupa also often made baskets and skirts using woven leaves, as well as woven head covers that were worn by the women.Learn more about US History