Many Native Americans live on reservations located in several of the Southwestern and Midwestern states. Some Natives, however, have fully integrated into contemporary American society and live in metropolitan cities.Continue Reading
Reservations are lands that have been designated for Native Americans by treaty, by an executive order of the President or by an act of Congress. According to About.com, these lands are held in trust for Native tribes by the federal government, which technically means Natives do not own the land; instead, the government has the responsibility of managing the land and its resources for the tribes. Most of the 310 reservations are located in Midwestern and Southwestern states, such as Arizona, California, Minnesota, South Dakota, North Dakota, New Mexico, Utah and Oklahoma. However, there are reservations in other parts of the country as well. For instance, the Eastern Band of the Cherokee nation’s reservation is located in North Carolina. The Yakama and Colville Reservations are located in Washington state, and the Wind River Reservation is in Wyoming.
Some tribes, such as the Southern Arapaho, have never lived on reservations. They refused the tribal lands and currently live in the rural communities of Geary and Canton, which are located in west-central Oklahoma close to the North Canadian rivers.The Northern Arapaho, however, share sovereignty with the Eastern Shoshone Tribe over the Wind River Indian Reservation in Wyoming. According to Encyclopedia.com, it is the fourth largest reservation in the United States.Learn more about US History
Some researchers believe the first Native Americans were semi-nomadic groups from Central Asia who followed migrating herds across a land bridge from Siberia into Alaska toward the end of the last Ice Age. Archaeologists call this group the “Clovis-culture” after the discovery of artifacts near Clovis, New Mexico.Full Answer >
The struggle for imperial domination in America between France and England led to a race for colonization and ultimately open warfare, all of which were affected by the presence and participation of Native Americans. Originally seen as trade partners, "Indians" eventually ended up fighting on both sides of this rivalry.Full Answer >
The Dutch colonists initially treated Native Americans with respect, however eventually relations between the two became strained. The first Dutch colony that was established in 1609 was mainly a trade outpost, therefore, it was advantageous for the colonists to cultivate amicable relationships with their Native American neighbors. In later years, as the colonists looked to expanding their lands, conflicts arose, eventually leading to armed fighting.Full Answer >
Native Americans used bows and arrows, spears and war cubs as weapons. Native Americans were also known to use knives, swords, axes, sticks and tomahawks.Full Answer >