Q:

What was the name of Captain Cook's ship?

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Quick Answer

Captain Cook's ship was the H.M.S. Endeavor. She was a flat-bottomed and solidly built ship that was the first European vessel to make landfall in Australia.

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Full Answer

Originally, the H.M.S. Endeavor was a merchant ship named Earl of Pembroke. In 1768, the Royal Society persuaded King George III to study the path of Venus over the sun. Admiralty later decided to include a covert mission to discover the southern continent. James Cook was chosen to lead these missions, and he purchased and refit the ship, changing its name to H.M.S. Endeavor. The ship had a long service time but was eventually scuttled along with other ships in a blockade of Narragansett Bay in 1778.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Why did Captain James Cook explore?

    A:

    Captain James Cook set out on his first expedition to find the planet Venus, went about his second expedition to find the southern continent and went out on his third expedition to find a passage between North America and Asia. Although many of Cook's expeditions were thought to be failures, he and his team made many important discoveries.

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  • Q:

    What year did Captain Cook discover Australia?

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    Captain James Cook discovered Australia in 1770. Australia was first sighted by crew members on his ship on April 19th, 1770. On August 22nd, 1770, Captain Cook claimed the entire east coast of Australia for Great Britain.

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  • Q:

    What ship did Captain Cook sail to Australia?

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    Captain James Cook sailed the HM Bark Endeavour to Australia, marking the first contact between Australia and the European world. The Endeavour was not classified as a ship but as a bark or barque, which was the most common type of seagoing vessel at the time. It is not to be confused with the HM Sloop Endeavour, which was also in service in the British Royal Navy at the time.

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  • Q:

    What are some interesting facts about James Cook?

    A:

    Captain James Cook was a British explorer who visited six of the seven continents in three voyages occurring between 1768 and 1779. He was the first European to encounter the eastern coastline of Australia and almost found Antarctica. Cook died in a skirmish over a stolen ship in Hawaii.

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