The Karankawa Indians are extinct, but they lived along the coast of Texas from the area of Galveston to Corpus Christi. They were actually a band of related tribes that included the Karankawa, Kohanis, Kopanes and Capoques.
The Karankawas were a nomadic people who moved between the mainland and the islands found off the Texas coast. Their main mode of transportation was the dugout canoe. Though these canoes couldn't handle the rough, deep waters of the ocean, they were big enough to transport a family and their belongings. They moved by foot on land, and once settled in a place erected wigwams that could be broken down and carried with them.
The Karankawas were both hunter-gatherers and fishermen, and much of their diet included shellfish, finfish and turtles.