In 1964, Martin Luther King Jr. was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his nonviolent activism in the struggle to secure civil rights for African American citizens. Many people consider this recognition of King’s role in the peaceful campaign against racial discrimination as his greatest achievement.
Martin Luther King Jr. became the predominant figure in the U.S. Civil Rights Movement during the 1950s and '60s. His devotion to Gandhi's philosophy of nonviolent civil disobedience inspired a generation of African Americans to stand up for their civil rights and to demand equal treatment from the State.
His peaceful campaign had a positive influence on public opinion and resulted in the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The Nobel Prize Committee acknowledged his legacy when it made King the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.