The Marquis de Lafayette is famous due to his leadership and service to the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War. Lafayette is also famous because he was able to provide resources from France to aid the colonies in the war effort.
Following the war, Lafayette joined the French Army and worked with Thomas Jefferson, who was then the U.S. Ambassador to France. As France veered toward revolution, his position gave him the responsibility for the protection of the French royal family. This job made it dangerous for him to stay in France as he could be looked at as sympathetic to the monarchy. He fled the country but returned following the French Revolution. He served as commander of the French National Guard until his death in 1834.