Margaret Sanger, nee Higgins, was an American activist who spent her life promoting safe, legal contraception for women in the United States. Sanger founded the American Birth Control League in 1921. The foundation went on to become Planned Parenthood.
Sanger was born into a working-class, Irish, Catholic family in Corning, New York, in 1879. She attributed her mother's early death to the strain of multiple pregnancies and miscarriages. For the rest of her life, Sanger fought to improve women's reproductive rights. Sanger was arrested numerous times for providing women with diaphragms and other formerly illegal birth control options.
Sanger opened the first legal birth control clinic in the United States in 1923. In 1966, Sanger died at the age of 86 in Tucson, Arizona.