Many scholars have recorded a list of about 170 known pharaohs, although The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York puts the list at slightly more than 190. According to that list, the first pharaoh was Zanakht who ruled from 2649 B.C. until 2630 B.C. The final pharaoh was Cleopatra VII, who ruled from 51 B.C. to 30 B.C.Continue Reading
There was often several rulers of ancient Egypt at the same time. For example, Cleopatra VII, the final pharaoh of Egypt, ruled jointly with her brothers, latterly, with her infant son.
The pharaohs of Egypt are split up into historical periods: