Queen Victoria had nine children. All of her children were born after she married Prince Albert in 1840. The eldest, Victoria, Princess Royal, was born in November 1840, and the youngest, Princess Beatrice, was born in 1857.
Her other children include Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, who was born 1841; Princess Alice, who was born in 1843; Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, who was born in 1844; Princess Helena, who was born in 1846; Princess Louise, who was born in 1848; Prince Arthur, who was born in 1850; and Prince Leopold, who was born in 1853.
Many of Victoria's children married into the royal families of Europe, which linked the dynasties of these families with strong ties of blood. For example, her daughter Victoria's husband was Frederick III, the German emperor. Queen Victoria's grandchildren included Kaiser Wilhelm II, Queen Marie of Romania, Queen Victoria Eugenie of Spain and Empress Alexandria of Russia.