Hatshepsut had many achievements, but the greatest of them all was being the first female pharaoh of Egypt to have full powers during the 18th dynasty when there was great opposition against the women leadership. She was the daughter of King Thutmose I and took over leadership after the death of her husband and step-brother, Thutmose II.Continue Reading
Hatshepsut had strong supporters within her circles to ensure her protection. She mandated ambitious building projects, especially in western Thebes, that exceeded those of her predecessors. The most impressive building was the memorial temple at Deir el-Bahri, which is considered as one of the best architectural designs in ancient Egypt. She encouraged external trade that brought richness to Egypt, including ivory, gold, leopard skins and ebony.
Hatshepsut conducted trade with a neighboring country called Punt. According to archaeologists, it is believed that no Egyptian ruler was more successful in Punt than Hatshepsut. She strived to earn the obedience, trust and loyalty of officials in order to keep her enemies at bay. After her death, her successor Thutmose III attempted to eliminate any reference to Hatshepsut with the intention of getting the credit for her achievements. He erased her images in temples and monuments, which made it difficult for scholars to learn about her life.Learn more about Ancient Egypt
Queen Hatshepsut, the fifth pharaoh of the 18th dynasty of ancient Egypt, commissioned the construction of hundreds of project throughout the kingdom during her reign. Additionally, she sent envoys to areas in Africa and the Middle East to engage in trade and diplomacy, as well as limited military expeditions to those regions.Full Answer >
According to Zahi Hawass, the former secretary general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities in Cairo, Hatshepsut died of bone cancer that had metastasized throughout her body. However, some scientists are still skeptical because of doubts about her mummy.Full Answer >
It is speculated that Hatshepsut contracted diabetes and died of bone cancer around the age of 50. A carcinogenic substance was found in her tomb, and one theory states that she may have had a skin condition that she alleviated with a toxic salve.Full Answer >
At around 1473 B.C., Queen Hatshepsut elevated herself to the status of pharaoh after Thutmose II died and left an underage heir. She is also known for commissioning the funereal temple at Deir el-Bahari and overseeing a period of architectural and economic advancement. Hatshepsut ordered an exceptionally successful trading voyage to the ancient civilization of Punt, which helped the kingdom procure unprecedented amounts of leopard skin, gold, ebony, myrrh and ivory.Full Answer >