Pedro Cabral's ships left from the mouth of the Tagus in Lisbon, Portugal, sailed southwest around Africa, entered the Atlantic and landed in Brazil in 1500. While many maintain the discovery was an accident when Cabral's ships went off course, others claim that earlier Portuguese explorers had made similar trips.
Pedro Cabral spotted Brazil at the hump of Monte Pascoal and sailed for three more days along the coast to land at what is now Porto Seguro before going ashore. He declared the land for Portugal, though under the Treaty of Tordesillas the land would have fallen to Portugal anyway. Vasco da Gama originally led the fleet of ships that landed on Brazil, but Pedro Cabral took over command due to da Gama's exhaustion after his trip around the Cape of Good Hope.