Guglielmo Marconi, an engineer by training, receives credit for making the first functional radio. Marconi was born on April 25, 1874, in Bologna, Italy. He spent his childhood years living comfortably in Italy with his father and mother.Continue Reading
As part of a privileged upbringing, Marconi received excellent tuition at the Livorno Technical Institute and the University of Bologna. As a young man, Marconi developed a keen interest in magnetic waves. He eventually developed long-distance equipment for broadcasting and transmitting electrical signals. His work failed to capture the interest of Italian authorities, but caught the attention of English authorities. With grants from the English government, Marconi moved to England to pursue work.
In 1896, at just 22 years old, Marconi successfully broadcast signals across the English Channel. He established wireless transmission bases on the Isle of Wight, and then set his sights on a transatlantic transmission system. He continued developing and improving long-distance signals through the early 1900s.
In 1909, Marconi received the Noble Prize in Physics along with German scientist Karl Braun. Marconi's radios benefited many citizens, including those aboard the ill-fated Titanic. Using its Marconi transmitter radio, the Titanic radioed an emergency message to shore, and respondents rescued more than 700 survivors of the sinking.Learn more about Inventions
The first radio was initially called the "wireless telegraphy," and a complete functional model was built by Guglilmo Marconi in 1895. Several other inventors laid the groundwork for the invention including Heinrich Rudolf Hertz, Nikola Tesla, Amos Dolbear, Reginald Fessenden and William Crookes.Full Answer >
The precursor to the radio, the Tesla coil, was invented by Nikola Tesla in 1884, and Tesla's device to send a radio signal, which was ready to go, was burned up in a lab fire in 1895. Instead, Guglielmo Marconi tested his wireless signal device in 1896; many say he relied on Tesla's technology to create it.Full Answer >
British inventions made between 1750 and 1900 include the centrifugal governor, the Charlotte Dundas steamboat, the steam locomotive, the photographic camera and Marconi's wireless communication. The time between 1750 and 1900 in Britain witnessed both the Industrial Revolution and the Victorian Era.Full Answer >
There is no singular place where radio was invented because its creation was based on work by Nikola Tesla, Guglielmo Marconi, Heinrich Hertz and Mahlon Loomis. Marconi gets much of the credit for the radio, but his work was partly based on Tesla’s work.Full Answer >