Q:

How long did the Inca Empire last?

A:

Quick Answer

The Inca empire lasted from 1438 until 1532, when the Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizzaro arrived and conquered the empire. The Inca civilization began around the year 1200, but their empire did not begin until Pachacuti set out to bring as many neighboring people under Inca control as possible in 1438.

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Full Answer

The Inca empire included large parts of modern Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Argentina, Chile and Colombia. The capital city was in Cuzco. When Pizzaro arrived in 1532, he captured the Inca's leader, Atahualp, and executed him. The Spaniards also unknowingly brought diseases, such as smallpox, which spread through the Inca villages and caused large numbers of casualties.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What was the environment like for the Incas?

    A:

    The Inca empire spanned along a vast portion of the South American coastlines, which contained the Andes Mountains, jungles and deserts. They typically built their homes in the mountains.

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  • Q:

    Who was Atahualpa?

    A:

    Atahualpa was the last ruler of the Inca empire, which was located in South America. He was captured by Spanish invaders led by Francisco Pizarro and executed despite paying the necessary amount for his ransom.

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  • Q:

    What was the political structure of the Inca?

    A:

    The Inca Empire was a monarchy led by a sole ruler named Sapa Inca. Multiple officers who were part of the Inca class served under the king and helped him govern the empire.

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  • Q:

    How did the Inca civilization end?

    A:

    The end of the Inca civilization and its final ruling authority came with the Spanish capture of the rebel Inca stronghold at Vilcabamba and the execution of the last of the Inca rulers, Tupac Amaru, in 1572. The conquest of the Inca Empire by the Spanish began 40 years earlier with the execution of the Inca's sovereign emperor, Atahualpa, by the conquistador Francisco Pizarro in 1532. The Spanish next set-up a puppet Inca government to help them control their newly acquired territory, but a rebellion began in 1536 and continued until the 1572 capture and sacking of Vilcabamba by the Spanish Viceroy of Peru, Francisco Toledo.

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