Who Is Li Peng?


Quick Answer

Li Peng is a retired politician. He served as the fourth premier of the People's Republic of China from 1988 to 1998. He was also chairman of the Standing Committee within the National People's Congress from 1998 to 2003.

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Who Is Li Peng?
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Full Answer

Li Peng was born on October 28, 1928. His father was writer Li Shuoxun. He was orphaned in 1930, when his father was executed by the Nationalist Party. In 1939, he entered the care of Deng Yingchao. His new guardian was the wife of Zhou Enlai, a leader in the Chinese Communist Party. After studying at Russia's Moscow Power Institute from 1948 to 1955, he returned to China and managed electrical power projects. From 1979 to 1983, he served as vice-minister and minister of water and electrical resources. The National People's Congress appointed him vice-premier in June of 1983.

Li Peng became a member of the Political Bureau and the secretariat of the Chinese Communist Party in 1985. In April of 1988, he succeeded Zhao Ziyang as premier. During his two terms as premier, Li Peng oversaw a rapid expansion of the Chinese economy. However, he is best known for orchestrating the military suppression of the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests.

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