The Maurya civilization was founded by Chandragupta Maurya, a native Indian who conquered the Nanda Dynasty and India's southern states by taking advantage of the disruptions of local powers in the wake of the withdrawal Alexander the Great's armies. Maurya then formed a more centralized and stable Indian government.
At the time of Maurya's conquest, India's southern states were controlled by local powers, and the northern and eastern areas were controlled by the Nanda Dynasty. Maurya conquered these areas and founded the new Maurya Empire in 322 B.C. He proceeded to unify the conquered regions by implementing widespread political and economic reforms. Maurya stabilized the conquered areas by creating an efficient and highly organized bureaucratic structure with a strong civil service element.
Contact and ensuing trade with the western world further strengthened India's economic status. Under Maurya's leadership, India thrived. Maurya implemented social and religious reforms that enhanced India's culture and art. Maurya is acknowledged to be the greatest Indian ruler in history, and the Maurya Empire is considered the greatest time of expansion, organization and development of India in history. India continued to thrive under the rule of Maurya's son, Bindusara, to the end of the rule of Maurya's grandson, known as Oshaka the Great.