U.S. landmarks and monuments on land historically important to Native American heritage include the Hovenweep National Monument in Colorado, the Sitka National Historical Park in Alaska and the Badland National Park in South Dakota. Another important Native American landmark is Canyon de Chelly National Monument in Arizona, inhabited for centuries by the Navajo tribe.
The Hovenweeb National Monument consists of six groups of pueblos and cliff dwellings built far before the arrival of Columbus in the New World. They were discovered by a Mormon expedition in 1854.
Sitka National Historical Park commemorates the Battle of Sitka, which took place in 1804, and represents the last major conflict between Alaskan natives and European colonists. The Badland National Park is the site of the Ghost Dance of 1890, the results of which include the famous massacre at Wounded Knee. Indigenous peoples have used this land as hunting grounds for 11,000 years.
The Native American ruins of Canyon de Chelly were built between the years 350 and 1300. Modern Navajo farmers still inhabit the area.
Another famous Native American landmark is the Chiricahua National Monument in Arizona. In the 19th century, Apache warriors hid in the Chiricahua mountains while fighting European settlers in the region. Another landmark, important to many local tribes including the Cheyenne and the Lakota, is the Devil's Tower in Wyoming.