What Was Kristallnacht?

Kristallnacht was a public riot that occurred in Germany, Austria and parts of Czechoslovakia, on Nov. 9th and 10th, 1938. The Nazis vandalized Jewish businesses and social centers, such as synagogues, schools, shops and homes, and sent up to 30,000 Jewish men to concentration camps.

This event was the culmination of years of oppressive practices against Jewish people that started in 1933. During Kristallnacht, over 250 synagogues and 7,500 Jewish commercial buildings were burned, vandalized and looted. Jewish cemeteries were also targeted. After this event, anti-Semitic legislation became more common and oppressive, such as limits on professional options, as well as loss of access to schooling and personal transport.