What Kind of People Lived in the Southern Colonies?

The Southern Colonies of Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina and South Carolina were largely populated by agricultural workers, many of whom were of Scottish, Irish and German descent. They were accompanied by African slaves.

The people of the southern colonies were fiercely resistant of oligarchy and centralized authority. Many yeoman farmers sought to maintain their freedoms by entering into politics. The southern colonists were prepared to endure considerable hardships, including Indian retaliation. Many men dressed in animal skins, while women made their own cloth.

Puritanism was less of a driving influence in the southern colonies, and in Maryland especially, which was established as a refuge for Catholics.