The Federalists wanted a two-level government consisting of a strong, tightly-knit, centralized national government along with smaller, non-sovereign political units governed according to a national constitution. These small political units would be able to make laws on their own. Today, the United States has this kind of system with the federal government and state governments.Continue Reading
A main advantage of federalism is that it can help prevent the government in general from becoming too powerful since there is a dispersal of power from the national government to the states. Another benefit is that people can have a closer connection to the government since they can participate at the local and state levels rather than just at the national level.
One main drawback of this type of government, however, is that state and federal laws can often conflict. For example, gambling can be legal in one state but not in a neighboring state, and this can cause conflict among states.Learn more about US History
The primary difference between the Federalists and Anti-Federalists was their view on the creation of a stronger U.S. Federal Government. These differing views lead the Federalists to support the ratification of the Constitution and the Anti-Federalists to oppose it. According to Reference.com, one of the primary worries of the Anti-Federalists was the position of a president evolving into a monarchy.Full Answer >
The Federalists opposed the War of 1812 because the policies of the opposing party that declared war, headed by Thomas Jefferson and later headed by James Madison, brought the Federalist stronghold of New England to the verge of destitution. Thomas Jefferson's embargo of American shipping, instead of protecting U.S. ships and sailors, caused massive unemployment, the closure of banks, and created a virtual standstill in commerce.Full Answer >
The Federalists wanted to replace the original United States Articles of Confederation because they gave Congress limited power to govern or regulate domestic affairs. By 1786, the U.S. was bankrupt as a result of the cost of the Revolutionary War and the federal government had no powers of taxation. Congress was also unable to effectively resolve the growing trade and regional disputes developing at the state level and the Federalists sought to create a stronger federal government that could effectively intervene when needed.Full Answer >
The Federalist and Republican parties, first formed in 1790, differed on most major issues, and although they did agree that liberty for the American people was paramount, their views were polarized when it came to how much impact such liberty should have on government. Federalists believed that the electorate held too much sway over government, while Republicans believed state power should be limited.Full Answer >