Some facts that kid might find interesting about the American flag include that the first American flag flew in 1777; the flag features the specific colors of red, white and blue; it has undergone several design changes since its debut, and is celebrated with a day of remembrance on June 14 each year, although only Pennsylvania recognizes this date as a legal holiday. The American flag flew upon the creation of the Flag Act, an Act of Congress, that required it to represent the 13 original colonies. Initially, the flag's face contained 13 stars on a blue background, and 13 stripes made of alternating red and white panels.
In 1794, the flag received two new stars, which indicated that Vermont and Kentucky joined the United States. The pattern continued, and July 4 was designated as the official day to add a star for each new state admitted within that year. Although more stars appeared on the blue background, the number of stars and stripes remained fixed at 13 to honor the original colonies.
After a victorious battle at Fort McHenry, the site of the American flag inspired a famous American poem titled "Star-Spangled Banner," authored by Francis Scott Key. In addition to aesthetic appeal, the flag also has a rich symbolic meaning: white represents purity and innocence; red shows courage and valor; and blue symbolizes justice, perseverance and vigilance. The Textile Color Card Association of the U.S. and the U.S. Army share the task of ensuring all public and private flags are made with specific, permissible shades.
In addition to colors, the flag's symbols hold meaning. The stars symbolize heaven and divine goals while the stripes symbolize rays of sunshine.