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What is Khufu best known for?

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Quick Answer

The Ancient Egyptian pharaoh Khufu is best known for ordering the construction of the Great Pyramid at Giza. Khufu, who ruled as the second pharaoh of the 4th Dynasty during the 26th century B.C., is believed to have been the son of the pharaoh Sneferu, who commissioned the building of the first true pyramid, the North Pyramid at Dahshur. The Great Pyramid at Giza is the largest one built, and it is taller than a 40-story building.

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Full Answer

Khufu is also known by his Hellenized name Cheops. The year of his death is believed to be 2566 B.C., and most of what is known about Khufu has been obtained from the inscriptions within his necropolis at Giza. Because of poorly written records, not much other than his commissioning of the Great Pyramid's construction is known about his reign.

So that it would be highly visible, Khufu chose to build his pyramid on a high natural plateau and named his necropolis Akhet-Khufu, which means "Horizon of Khufu." The walls and ceilings inside Khufu's pyramid are made from polished granite, and the structure is constructed of massive limestone blocks, some weighing up to 15 tons. It is possible that the Great Sphinx was constructed as part of Khufu's necropolis at Giza, but the true identity of the Egyptian ruler who commissioned the work remains a hotly contested issue.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What are some facts on King Khufu?

    A:

    King Khufu was an Egyptian pharaoh who is best known for building the Great Pyramid at Giza. The Great Pyramid is one of the Seven Wonders of the World.

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  • Q:

    When was the Sphinx built?

    A:

    Although conclusive evidence is lacking, some scholars agree that the Great Sphinx of Giza was constructed during the reign of the pharaoh Khafra, from 2520 to 2494 B.C. Dissenting Egyptologists suggest that the statue was erected by Khafra's father, Khufu, between 2589 and 2566 B.C.

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  • Q:

    What impact did Khufu have on Egypt?

    A:

    Perhaps the most important contribution Khufu, the fourth dynasty Egyptian pharaoh, made to Egypt and the world is the Great Pyramid of Giza. This ruler is sometimes referred to as Khnum Khufu or Cheops and is widely credited as the force behind this wonder of the world.

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  • Q:

    What role did King Khufu play in the history of Egypt?

    A:

    King Khufu, called Cheops by the Greeks, is most famous in Egyptian history for building the Great Pyramid at Giza, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. Khufu was the second pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt, and ruled in the Old Kingdom period, around the 26th century B.C. He was the son of King Sneferu and Queen Hetepheres I. Historians believe he had three wives, but little documentation remains of most aspects of his reign.

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