Jamestown was located in the eastern Virginia on the banks of the James River. The original colony, founded on May 14, 1607, expanded beyond the original fort into a village called New Towne in 1610 following four years of hardships and illness rocking the population.
Upon its founding the colony became known as James Forte, James Towne and James Cittie. The original triangle wooden fort surrounded small houses, a church and a weapons storehouse. Roughly 40 crew members and 100 settlers founded the first colony, but within three years most of the crew returned to England, and the majority of the settlers died. In 1610, 150 more settlers arrived with fresh supplies just as the original settlers considered abandoning the fort.