The History Channel explains that the Russian Revolution was comprised of two smaller revolutions, the first of which led to the overthrowing of Nicholas II, the last Russian czar, and the second of which was led by Vladimir Lenin and the Bolsheviks. The Bolsheviks were a radical group of far-left revolutionaries who wished to instill Marxism in Russia.
The Bolsheviks were the primary catalysts and decision makers during the Russian Revolution, and their violent tendencies led them to become known as the most feared, yet influential, political party in Russian history. The primary aim of the Bolsheviks was to unify the people of Russia against the upper classes and imperialists. The Russian Revolution began in 1917, states The History Channel, when the last czar of Russia was overthrown. This event marked the end of imperial rule in Russia and eventually lead to a democratic government. While a provisional government was in place, the Bolshevik party took the opportunity to seize the momentum of the Russian people and overthrow the new interim government as well. In its place, Vladimir Lenin was installed as the leader of the newly Marxist government and was expected to act out all the ideals and policies of the Bolshevik party.