Claudius Ptolemaeus, who lived around 100 to 178 A.D. and is more popularly known as Ptolemy, is believed to have invented the first world map. However, cave paintings and ancient maps that pre-date Ptolemy are considered attempts to create maps to help people define and navigate the world.
Babylonian maps were carved into stone as early as 600 B.C. and are believed to be symbolic rather than literal representations of the world. By the second century B.C., literal maps were drawn onto paper, and maps grew increasingly detailed thereafter.
While Ptolemy's map was not accurate and many of his ideas were proven inaccurate, he is credited with first using the ideas of latitude and longitude to express location.