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Who invented spandex?

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Spandex was invented in 1959 by Joseph C. Shivers, a scientist at the DuPont Benger Laboratory, and introduced as a product in 1962. Shivers gave it the brand name of Lycra. Spandex takes its name from the anagram of the word "expands," and is commonly known as elastane in Europe.

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Spandex consists of a long-chain synthetic polymeric fiber and contains a small rubbery segment and a long rigid segment. The fibers are produced using four different methods: reaction spinning, solution wet spinning, melt extrusion and solution dry spinning. Approximately 95 percent of spandex worldwide is manufactured using the dry spinning method. Spandex is best known as a component of clothing such as pantyhose, swimsuits and bicycle shorts.

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