Porcelain was invented by the Chinese sometime during the Tang Dynasty, which lasted from 617 to 907 A.D. However, they had been making ceramics and proto-porcelain materials for as many as 1,000 years before this time.
Porcelain was highly prized in Asia and eventually in Europe, but the Chinese kept the production method a secret. It wasn't until 1708 that the first European finally discovered how to make it. Credit for the first production of porcelain in Europe went to Johann Friedrich Bottger of Dresden, Germany, although many historians now believe that it was produced in England 25 years prior to Bottger's work.