The modern keyboard-style glockenspiel was invented by Auguste Mustel in Paris in 1886. The instrument is typically used to perform difficult glockenspiel parts in orchestral music and also is known as the celesta.
The instrument is a blend of the original "bell" glockenspiels used as far back as the 14th century and the metallophone, which originated in the mid-18th century. The 17th-century Dutch were the first to replace the bells with the simpler "bars," though the practice was not widely adopted until the first half of the 19th century. Around this time, mallet-struck keyboards were gradually replaced by those whose bars were struck by small hammers triggered by keys. A portable version of the glockenspiel, called the bell lyre, is used by marching bands and wind instrument ensembles.