The first globe model was invented by Nicholas Copernicus, though there is no date recorded for this event. Copernicus created many globes to demonstrate his ideas of a solar system where round-shaped planets orbited a central sun.
While Copernicus is the person attributed with the invention of the globe, the first ever historically recorded globe was made by a German map-maker named Martin Behaim in 1492. The globe as a mini representation of the Earth emerged as ideas regarding the shape of the Earth began changing during the 15th century. Prior to 1450, the flat-Earth theory was prevalent in Western society.